by Jonathan Lent
The Information Security Office (ISO) has created a set of Minimum Security Standards (MinSec), broken down with a matrix of applicability depending on the risk classification of a given system (low, medium, or high) . Of these standards for high-risk systems, one requires the use of a dedicated admin workstation for administration (also known as a Privileged Access Workstation (PAW), or Personal Bastion Host (PBH)) . Unlike many of the MinSec requirements, this standard doesn’t hinge so much on a technical implementation detail; rather, it requires a simple set of technical changes (firewall rules), along with a drastic change in daily workflows for folks like me.
Before I go into why shared jump hosts can be a source of risk, it’s important to maintain an open mind and reiterate why these setups can be useful. To be clear, by “jump host”, I mean a hardened server that is used to gain access to other resources. Without going into any implementation-specific details, jump hosts are often on the short list of machines (or the sole source) that can connect to various ports on endpoints. The machine ideally would be locked down to restrict authentication access (e.g. not only a carefully scrutinized list of users, but additional tweaks requiring specific protocols for access (e.g. Kerberos, rather than password authentication)). This is indeed more secure than some of the alternatives (e.g. world or domain-wide access to individual endpoints). With proper planning these hosts can be hardened to eliminate the potential for many issues outlined below. However, the weakest link in computer security often lies with the human element, and that’s one aspect of the shared model that cannot be ignored. Continue reading “Avoiding a Faux-PAW: Ditching my Beloved Jump Host”